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Dietary strategies for IBD: Vegetarian Diet

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Quality Rating

Criteria for starring system: 

  • Incorporates appropriate microbiome strategies
  • Incorporates appropriate gut healing strategies 
  • Inflammation reduction is a priority
  • Long-term symptom reduction
  • Easily implemented

  • Reduces disordered eating patterns

Caveat for starring system: This system is our opinion based on the available research at this time. We reserve the right to modify our recommendations as new literature is published and we learn more about the complexities of IBD. Review our recommendations with an appropriate amount of discretion and understand that oftentimes there is not a one size fits all approach for every situation.

Vegetarian Diet

Overview: A vegetarian diet eliminates meat and/or fish. Vegetarian diets may include dairy and eggs. We know that plant-based diets rich in fiber from fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and other plant sources are protective for the digestive system. 

  • Vegetarian diets have been also associated with increased microbiome capacity for biosynthesis of essential amino acids that leads to the production of butyrate and acetate (source)
  • Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28867793/  

Meets criteria for: 

  • Incorporates some appropriate microbiome strategies 
  • Long-term symptom reduction 
  • Inflammation reduction is a priority
  • Easily implemented

Does not meet criteria for: 

  • Incorporates all appropriate microbiome strategies
  • Reduces disordered eating patterns
  • Incorporates appropriate gut healing strategies